LOI ELECTORALE RDC 2015 PDF

Loi n° 15/ du 1eraoût portant modalités d’application des droits de la femme . des listes électorales dans les conditions prévues par la Loi électorale. PACEC: Projet d’appui au processus électoral en RDC .. o La loi n°15/ du 12 février , valant loi électorale, modifiant et. 28 juil. Conformément à l’article de la loi électorale en vigueur en , la caution était payée par liste et non par siège au montant de FC.

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Hide Footnote In districts where one list receives an absolute majority more than 50 per cent of votes, that list would take all seats.

That said, a more competitive contest could also eleftorale a flashpoint for violence and will make it all the more important that Congolese citizens and politicians regard the vote as credible.

Electotale waived the requirement that the winning presidential candidate needs more than 50 per cent in the first round to avoid a second round and allowed a candidate to win the presidency with less than 50 per cent of electprale. Perhaps most important, it proposed changes to the way in which deputies are elected. The stated objective of this transformation was to assure that the PPRD possessed a majority representation in the heart of the PM, as well as in any future government by reducing the number of alliances with minority parties in the heart of the coalition.

Their often opportunistic past trajectories could make alliance building easier, but it also means they may first have to overcome some bad blood. Hide Footnote Crucially, voter registration influences the political weight of provinces, given that the number of seats per province is determined by their numbers of voters. Bemba also has a strong national stature and is as well placed as Katumbi to attract allies and position himself at the centre of a countrywide coalition.

Hide Footnote Kinshasa electorxle currently a bastion of the opposition, but this new division would have created several districts in the capital favouring the ruling party or its allies. Bemba has the profile to contest the presidency. Ideally, of rcd, Kabila will step aside and permit opposition leaders to run. This electorael increase prospects of an opposition vote splintered among different major candidates, each largely relying of votes from their respective regional strongholds.

As influential opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi electorxle his party, the Union for Democracy and Social Progress UPDSboycotted the elections, Bemba was the uncontested candidate of the west as Kabila dominated in the east.

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Several senior members have left to join either the government or other opposition parties. Annexes to the electoral law defining district boundaries and the allocation of seats to districts must be adopted by Parliament before candidate registration starts.

Such an electoral disposition would have obstructed independents 63 were elected ineliminated some smaller parties from national representation 56 parties currently have less than 5 seats, including 31 with only 1 seat and, as such, would have put an end to the necessity of political alliances which eledtorale dominated parliamentary life during this legislature.

Coalition building is important for parliamentary and provincial elections as parties will have to meet the respective electoral thresholds they need 1 per cent of votes nationwide to qualify for parliamentary electorael and 3 per cent of provincial votes for provincial council seats. Hide Footnote Education criteria were also introduced for all candidates and coupled with electorael for experience. Hide Footnote Here again lawmakers reaffirmed their authority as a check on executive power.

Both leaders have recently held talks with international partners and have discussed a possible electoral pact and prospects for uniting behind a single presidential candidate. What should be done?

He remained politically active fdc detention, as far as the conditions of his custody would allow, and it seems very likely that he will seek a political comeback.

Opposition parties are operating under constraints, as the government continues to impose restrictions on political freedoms, clamp down on their meetings and harass several opposition leaders. Regulating the cooptation of traditional village chiefs and their de-politicisation. Moreover several provinces saw demands to extend it and the electirale has denounced irregularities.

Élections en RDC : l’opposition réclame l’invalidation des candidatures du pouvoir | Africanews

Related Tags Democratic Republic of Congo. The government may even be tempted to stimulate further communal tensions in the provinces to prise apart opposition candidates and make alliance building harder. From his cell in The Hague, Bemba kept tight control over the party but there is little doubt it would have suffered further losses in the forthcoming elections without his release.

His likely re-entry into Congolese politics will shake up the campaign ahead of elections slated for December Parliamentarians sought to maintain an electoral landscape as open as it was inwhen some 10, candidates competed as national candidates and about 14, for provincial office.

On the other hand, some regional leaders rdf regard Bemba warily, given his mixed record in the region. Time for a Modest Deal: The modifications intended by the ruling party this time sought to shift rules for the election of deputies, which in many cases may have affected their re-election. Under the de facto leadership of Senate President Kengo wa Dondo rxc forces thus far have failed to challenge Kabila.

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Tshisekedi, who remains untested, is trying to follow the footsteps of his father, Etienne, who passed away in February International actors must remain focused on 2051 Kabila to stand aside and for elections to take place in December, as scheduled.

Hide Footnote If the president does find a way to run, then opposition politicians would likely boycott the vote. For a recent example in Chad, cf. But shorn of its figurehead, his party haemorrhaged support, losing 42 of its 64 seats in parliament in the elections. And, last but not least, is Kabila willing to cede power and not contest the vote?

Hide Footnote was only included as a desired condition, rather than a legal requirement for electoral lists, as requested by some parties.

For now, it appears highly likely that he will rejoin the political fray: Who is Jean-Pierre Bemba?

DR Congo’s Electoral Law for 2011: Choosing Continuity

He scored strongly rvc the west, north, Kasai and Kinshasa. The text adopted by both houses on 15 June rejected several proposed changes, preserved others, but on the whole returned to the system used for the polls. Nevertheless, the non-realization of parity between elctorale and women and the non-presence of those living with a handicap shall not be a motive for the inadmissibility of a list. How to Get U. The text presented by Tunda Yakasendwe, national deputy for the PPRD, offered significant modifications to the Congolese electoral system, starting with the voting system.

Its Article modified the current system of proportional representation.

DR Congo’s Electoral Law for Choosing Continuity | Crisis Group

In short, there are multiple possibilities countrywide for unscrupulous politicians to play communities against one another. Part political party, part armed group, the MLC allied itself with Uganda and occupied most of the north of the country in the subsequent civil war.

On 15 June the Congolese Parliament adopted, after nearly three months of debate, the eletcorale electoral law. Outside powers should keep pressing Kabila to stand down and allow opposition candidates to participate.