Few political terms have such a hazy and imprecise definition in popular discourse as “Zionism.” In part, this is due to the political agenda. Auto-Emancipation has 4 ratings and 0 reviews. A literature on the psychosis of Jew-hatred. Leon Pinsker: Auto-emancipation and self-help In September , a pamphlet entitled “Auto-emancipation! An appeal to his people by a Russian Jew ”.

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If one considers that in the last thirty-eight years the population of the United States of America has risen from seventeen millions to fifty millions, and that the increase in population for the next forty years will probably continue in the same proportion, it is evident that immediate action is necessary, if we do not desire to eliminate for all time the possibility of establishing in the New World a secure refuge for our unhappy brethren.

So now we look on with caution fatalistic indifference when in many countries we are refused such recognition as would not lightly be pinskr to Zulus. Eretz Yisrael in our Program and Tactics. It would be a euphemism to speak of this move- ment as an emigration. Jewish history stubs Books about Zionism Zionism Pamphlets books. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account.

Auto-Emancipation | work by Pinsker |

We have found our bitterest opponents, indeed, in a large part of the press, which might be supposed to possess education; the unfortunate situation of the Russian Jews is due, rather, purely and simply to the operation of those general forces, a consequence of human nature which we have previously discussed. But we would hear nothing of taking our malady at the root, in order to effect a; complete cure.

Blondheim, published by the Federation of American Zionists in Then a few more repatriations, another thou- sand bitter disillusionments, and the flood of a popular movement newly awakened to life ebbs. But as emmancipation the Jew, not only is he not a native in his own home country, but he is also not a foreigner; he is, in very truth, the stranger par excellence.

The foreigner has a claim to hospitality, which he can repay in the same coin.

Returning to Zionism’s roots: Leon Pinsker, Auto-Emancipation and the real meaning of Zionism

Instead of the many refuges which we have always been accustomed to seek, we would fain have one single refuge, the ex- istence of which, however, would have to be political- ly assured. This emigration was for our people nothing but a new date in its martyrology. James marked it as to-read Mar 27, THE misery caused by bloody deeds of violence has been followed by a moment of repose, and baiter and baited can breathe easier for a time.

Perhaps the most influential of these ex-Maskilim was Leon Pinsker, a soldier and sailor in the Russian Navy who would go on to write his manifesto Auto-Emancipation, which would go on to delineate the Zionist vision. Deepa Nair marked it as to-read Feb 22, Because they have none, because their home has no boundaries within which they can be entrenched, their misery too is boundless.


We must not attach ourselves to the place where our political life was once violently interrupted and de- stroyed. Today, when our kinsmen in a small part of the earth are allowed to breathe freely and can feel more deeply for the sufferings of their brothers; today, when a number of other subject and oppressed nationalities have been allowed to regain their independence, we, too, must not sit a moment longer with folded hands; we must not consent to play forever the hopeless role of the “Wandering Jew.

The great ideas of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries have not passed us by without leaving a trace. But this aimless wandering in the labyrinth of exile, to which our people have always been accustomed, does not advance them a step; they rather sink deeper in the morass of their wanderings.

The Economic Development of the Jewish People.

Texts Concerning Zionism: “Auto-Emancipation”

But the war we have waged — and God knows how long we shall continue to wage it — has not H been for a fatherland, but for the wretched mainten- ance of millions of “Jew peddlers. In a few decades we have seen rising into new life nations which at an earlier time would not have dared to dream of a resurrection.

We must recognize that before the great idea of human brotherhood will unite all the peoples of the earth, milleniums must elapse; and that meanwhile a people which is at home everywhere and nowhere, must everywhere be regarded as alien.

No previous civilization has been able to achieve it, nor can we see even in the remote distance, that day of the Messiah, when national barriers will no longer exist and all mankind will live in brotherhood and concord.

If the basis of our argument is sound, if the prejudice of mankind against us rests upon anthropological and social principles, innate and ineradical, we must look no more to the slow progress of humanity. However, following massive anti-Jewish riots in Tsarist Russia inand a visit to Western Europe in the first half ofhis views changed.

Our fatherland is the other man’s country ; our unity — dispersion, our solidarity — the general hostility to us, our weapon — humility, our defense — flight, our individuality — – adaptability, our future — to-morrow. It was no emigration, but a portentous flight. In any event, whether emancipation was undertaken from spontaneous im- pulse or from conscious motives, it remains a rich gift, a splendid alms, willingly or unwillingly flung to the poor, humble beggars whom no one, however, cares to shelter, because a homeless, wandering beggar wins confidence or sympathy from none.


We must take the first s step. They do not see how gladly people would dispense with their Jewish companionship. More difficult than anything else will be the satisfaction of the first and most essential con- dition, the national resolution ; for we are, to our sor- row, a stiff-necked people. We have lately had very bitter experiences in Russia, We are both too many and too few; too many in the southwestern provinces, in which the Jews are allowed to reside, and too few in all the other provinces, where they are forbidden.

Wherever they came people tried to get rid of them.

Since the donations to the national subscription would not come in at once, but say in annual contributions, the colonization, also, would be carried out gradually and in a fixed order. Like the Negroes, like women, and unlike all free peoples, they must be emancipated.

Instead of the many refuges which we have always been accustomed to seek, we would fain have one single refugethe existence of which, however, would have to be politically assured.

For while this body was initially ejancipation as a place where Jewish and Zionist unity would be upheld, it rapidly became rife with untold numbers of factions, representing every possible political combination.

This struggle must become an irresistible factor of contemporary international politics and destined for future greatness.

Thus, for centuries we have been revolving perplexedly in a magic circle, allowing a blind fate to rule over us. Whether this act of national self-help on our part might turn out profitably or otherwise, however, is of little consequence as compared with the great significance which such an undertaking would have for the future of our unsettled people; for our future will remain insecure and precarious unless a radical change in our pinskef is made.

The proper, the only solution, is in the creation of a Jewish nationality, of a people living upon its own soil, the auto- emancipation of the Jews; their return to the ranks of the nations by the acquisition of a Jewish homeland. What we seek is at bottom neither new nor dangerous to anyone.

They lack most of those attributes which are ; the hall-mark of a nation. We need nothing but a large piece of land pineker our poor brothers ; a piece of pinsler which shall remain our prop- erty, from which no foreign master can expel us. This tract might form a small territory in North America, or a sovereign Pashalik in Asiatic Turkey recognized by the Porte and the other Powers as pinskdr.

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