Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

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Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur (Author of Ibn Ashur)

Ibn Ashur questioned the juridical weight of an isolated hadith in determining legislation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He was a writer and author on the subject of reforming Islamic education and jurisprudence.

Le Cheikh-el-islam Tahar Ben Achour”. He positioned himself as a bridge between the classical Islamic legal heritage and the needs of a modern world. He wanted to ashurr Muslims coming forth to practice ijtihad for the global community.

Ibn Ashur: Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shari’ah

Preferring a solitary hadith over a rational deduction based on context would be problematic. His grandfather was especially renowned. When he entered Zaytunacare was made to provide him the best teachers. In fact, to stubbornly hold onto superficialities without understanding the intent is to “expose the shari’ah to being dismissed disdainfully. For example, the mandate of keeping raisin juice in certain kinds of containers comes from the fact that in the heat of the Hijaz the juice would quickly ferment.


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Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur – Wikipedia

He is best remembered for his Qur’anic exegesis, al-Tahrir wa’l-tanwir The Verification and Enlightenment. Jbn of the most fascinating approaches to the issue of coherence between Qur’an 2: The shari’ah came down in the Arabic language to the Arabic people, and therefore its coloring and style are Arabic.

Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker. Instead, legislative value should be sought from the totality of shari’ah. He is famous for rejecting Habib Bourguiba ‘s president of Tunisia request for a fatwa to justify abandoning the fast of the month of Ramadan because it harmed productivity. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

In cold climates, that would not apply. However, its intent is universal and so must be intelligible everywhere. He said, “Ijtihad is a collective duty fard al-kifayah on the community according to the measure of need in the community’s countries and situations.

He was of Andalusian origin. This article’s use of aashur links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines.

Views Read Edit View history. His work on the ultimate purposes of Shari’a represented an attempt to revive the maqasid theory of Shatibi and an effort to renew Islamic legal theory.

The entire field surrounding the word must be considered. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Ibn Ashur says that a weak hadith is open to error, and qiyas is open to error, but in addition, the weak hadith may be a lie and the consequence of using it would be worse than using qiyas. Ibn Ashur saw this literal-mindedness to be represented by the Zahiri position. He thus turns the classical reading around, while still connecting the Prophetic history with the Qur’anic text in a more logical way.


This article has multiple issues. It was clear to him that the lack of ijtihad had grave consequences. Nafip. Ibn Ashur believes that al-Shafi’i was misunderstood as accepting a solitary hadith over the larger context and that Ahmad ibn Hanbal was misrepresented as accepting a weak hadith over qiyas.

He claimed that the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities. Muslim scholars of the Maliki School.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Ibn Ashur called for ijtihad in the strongest terms. The family had shown dedication to the pursuit of knowledge for generations. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur was born in Tunis in to an affluent family and died in at age He understands verses 9: In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life.