Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

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Antimicrobial and fungicidal properties: Protective effect of Acarus calamus against acrylamide induced neurotoxicity.

An Update on Chemical Composition and Bioactivities of Acorus Species – SciAlert Responsive Version

I am also indebted to Dr. This plant is sometimes used as a pond plant in horticulture. Thus, this property of A. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, A cortatarins-A has potential of inhibiting reactive oxygen species production in high-glucose-stimulated mesangial cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner Tong et al.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

Both triploid and tetraploid A. The radioprotective effects were evaluated by measuring the degree of lipid peroxidation caused using thiobarbit uric acid reacting substances. Neuroprotective effect of Acorus calamus against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced ischaemia in rat.

In Europe, it flowers for about a month in late spring or early summer, but usually does not bear fruit. Insulin sensitizing activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Acorus calamus L. Earlier, this group has reported that asarones from A. Anti-inflammatory properties of many plants species have been known for a long time.


Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals: Acorus calamus Plant List: Volatiles from leaves and rhizomes of fragrant Acorus spp. Effect of sweet flag rhizome oil Acorus calamus on hemogram and ultrastructure of hemocytes of the tobacco armyworm, Spodoptera litura Lepidoptera: Protective effect of ethyl acetate and m ethanolic extract of A. calamux

Louis; ; accessed at http: It must first undergo metabolic l’-hydroxylation in the liver before achieving toxicity. Another study by Tong et al. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences Volume 10 3: It was thought to prevent excitement and fear when facing an enemy. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Antioxidant activities of methanolic extracts of sweet-flag Acorus calamus leaves and rhizomes.

Shah and Gilani based on their findings that A. Important bioactivities Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive activities: The animals developed tumors, and the plant was labeled procarcinogenic. Several studies chemicsl reviews have documented chemical composition s of Accorus spp. It consists of tufts of basal leaves that rise from a spreading rhizome. By at least true Acorus calamus was grown in Britain, as it is listed in The Cataloguea list of plants John Gerard grew in his garden at Holborn.

In our recently published study we have reported antioxidant activities of m ethanolic extract of A. The rhizome extract and volatile oil of A.

For long time, the radix of A. Blood pressure-lowering and vascular modulator effects of Acorus calamus extract are mediated through multiple pathways. Acortatarins A and B, two novel antioxidative spiroalkaloids with a naturally unusual morpholine motif from Acorus tatarinowii.

Cuemical effect of Acorus tatarinowii upon algae.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

Anticellular and immunosuppressive properties of ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus rhizome. A study by Mehrotra et al. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A number of active constituents from leaves, rhizomes and essential oils of Acorus spp. While they were travelling, a piece of root was kept and chewed to ward off illness.


Asarone tend to reduces intracellular triglyceride levels by stimulating the phosphorylation of hormone-sensitive lipase which triggers lipolysis in adipocytes. Follicular regression in Trogoderma granarium due to sterilizing vapours of Acorus calamus L. A study by Ghosh et al. Of the 28 compounds identified three constitents new sesquiterpenes 1 beta, 7 alpha H -cadinane-4 alpha, 6 alpha, 10 alpha-triol, 1 alpha, 5 beta-guaiane alpha-O-ethyl-4 beta, 6 beta-diol and 6 beta, 7 beta H -cadinane-1 alpha, 4 alpha, 10 alpha-triol Dong et al.

The diploid strains of A. Induction of sterility in male house flies by vapours of Acorus calamus L. Beside protective roles of A. Further, Lee has studied the fungicidal property of hexane extract of A.

She notes that many of these characteristics overlap, but that in general the triploid is somewhat larger and more robust on average than most North American forms of the diploid. According to Heng Li, Guanghua Zhu and Josef Bogner in the Flora of China there acorhs clear overlap in these characteristics and the different cytotypes are impossible to distinguish morphologically. They did not require acrus ions for their activity however affected by high concentrations of denaturants like urea, thiourea and guanidine hydrochloric acid Bains et al.

Anti-inflammatory activity of a water extract of Acorus calamus L. A study by Hazra et al.